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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 16, Issue 2, Sept 2015 pp 296-299

Research Article

A study of qualitative dermatoglyphics in patients suffering from essential hypertension

Joshi Manoj B1, Chimurkar V K2, Deshpande Jayashree3

1Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, B K L Walawalkar Rural Medical College and Hospital, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, INDIA.

2Professor, Department of Anatomy, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Sawangi, Wardha, Maharashtra, INDIA.

3Professor and HOD, Department of Anatomy, Fathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Ramarajupalli, Pulivendula Road, Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA.

Aims and Objective: To compare the dermatoglyphics in patients suffering from essential hypertension with that of normal persons. Introduction: Dermatoglyphics is a branch of genetic dealing with the skin ridge system. Through the years of research dermatoglyphics has immerged as a powerful tool in the diagnosis of psychological, medical and genetic condition. Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus Schizophernia, Hypertensionetc can now be aided by dermatoglyphicanalysis. This study is undertaken because the dermatoglyphics and essential hypertension both have Genetic basis. Methodology: The present study was carried out in 60 patients of essential hypertension and 60 normal individuals in Medical College and normal individuals were obtained from Master colony, and the study variables were analyzed using Chi-Square test. Result: The presence of arches is more in Patients as compared to Controls but this is not statistically significant (X2 = 0.06 P>0.05).The overall percentage frequency of Radial Loops were more in Patients as compared to controls but this difference was not statistically significant (χ2=2.69; df = 2; P>0.05).The overall percentage and frequency of Ulnar Loops were less in Patients as compared to controls which is statistically significant (χ2=15.47; df=2; P<0.05).The overall Frequency and percentage of whorls were more in Patients as compared to controls which is not significant (χ2=2.37; df=2; P>0.05). Conclusion: Ulnar loop frequency showed significant decrease in patients of essential hypertension as compared to controls.