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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 16, Issue 2, Sept 2015 pp 303-306

Research Article

A Comparative study of quantitative dermatoglyphics in patients suffering from essential hypertension with normal individuals

Joshi Manoj B1, Chimurkar V K2, Deshpande Jayashree3

1Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, B K L Walawalkar Rural Medical College and Hospital, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, INDIA.

2Professor, Department of Anatomy, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Sawangi, Wardha, Maharashtra, INDIA.

3Professor and HOD, Department of Anatomy, Fathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Ramarajupalli, Pulivendula Road, Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA.

Aims and Objective: To compare the Quantitative dermatoglyphics in patients suffering from essential hypertension with that of normal persons. Introduction: Dermatoglyphics is a branch of genetics dealing with the skin ridge system Through the years of research dermatoglyphics has immerged as a powerful tool in the diagnosis of psychological, medical and genetic condition. Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus Schizophernia, Hypertensionetc. Can now be aided by dermatoglyphicanalysis. This study is undertaken because the dermatoglyphics and essential hypertension both have Genetic basis. Methodology: The present study was carried out in 60 patients of essential hypertension and 60 normal individuals in Rajiv Gandhi Medical Sciences, Adilabad and normal individuals were obtained from UHTC area of RIMS, Adilabad. The study variables were analyzed using Chi-Square test and Relative Deviates for statistical significance. Result: In both the hands the atd angles were decreased in Hypertensive patients as compared controls which highly significant (In Right hand: R.D. = 9.65; p < 0.001 In Left hand: R.D. = 8.96; p < 0.05 Total: R D. = 9.305; p < 0.05.).It is also observed that there is significantly increased frequency of Thenar I1 Pattern (Left hand χ2=22.396,p< 0.00001; Right hand χ2=10.389 P< 0.005) Thenar I2 Pattern (Left hand χ2=23.72, Right hand P<0.0005). χ2=26.42,P<0.00001) Thenar I3 Pattern (Left hand χ2=27.21 P<0.00001Right hand χ2=.28.31,P<0.0005). Thenar I4 Pattern (Left hand χ2 =28.1470.0005.Right hand χ2=31.814,0.00001.). Hypothenar (Left hand χ2 =17.642 P<0.0001 .Right hand χ2 =21.946, P<0.0005). Conclusion: This study is has significantly proved that these quantitative parameters of Dermatoglyphics science i.e. decrease in atd angle, increased frequencies if Thenar I1,I2,I3,I4 Pattern and Hypothenar Pattern Can be utilized for screening of Person at risk and early detection of essential hypertension and further prevention of its complications.