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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 16, Issue 2, Sept 2015 pp 309-313
Immunization coverage among the children aged 12-23 months attending OPD at government medical college, Latur
Kendre V N1, Shekde Sachin2
1Assistant Professor, 2PG, Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Latur, Maharashtra, INDIA.
Introduction: The prevention of child mortality through immunization is one of the most cost-effective public health interventions in resource-poor settings. Immunization forms a critical component of primary health care and ensures nations health security. Although international agencies such as World Health Organization, UNICEF and now GAVI provide extensive support for immunization activities, the success depends on local realities and national policies. This is particularly true for a nation like India with population more than 1 billion and 25 million new births every year. Aim and objective: To assess immunization coverage levels of children aged 12-23 months in an immunization O.P.D at Government medical college, Latur. Materials and Method: Children in the age group 12-23 months coming to the Government Medical College, Latur for immunization or attending the other OPD services were included in the study. Detail information about the selected child was recorded on a pre-tested and pre-structured proforma. Information regarding head of the family, type of family, education and occupation of mother and father, socioeconomic status of the family was recorded on proforma. The child’s immunization status was ascertained using the immunization cards. In children where the immunization cards were not available, mothers or responsible informants were enquired for the relevant history of immunization such as the age of administration, route of administration and site of administration of the vaccine or if Vitamin A dose was given or not. The collected data was entered in Microsoft excel and was analyzed and presented with appropriate graphs and tables. Results: In the present study total of 510 children were surveyed out of which 269 (52.7%) and 241 (47.3%) were males and females respectively. Among the study population 422(82.75%) children were fully immunized, 88(17.25%) were partially immunized. No unimmunized child was observed in the study. The percentage of coverage for BCG was found to be the highest and Measles being the lowest. The main reason for non vaccination of the child was child being ill and not brought to hospital (15.90%) and the child being to native place (15.90%) followed by postponed till another time (13.60%), unaware of need of immunization (12.50%), mother too busy (12.50%) and fear of side effects (10.22%). Conclusion: We conclude from our study that the Primary immunization coverage was 82.74% in children attending the Government Medical College, Latur. Hence the efforts to sustain the immunization coverage levels need to be maintained.