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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 16, Issue 2, Sept 2015 pp 314-317
Prevalence and various risk factors associated with coronary artery disease: A hospital based study
Dinesh Nehate1, Sunil V Chaudhari2
1Associate Professor, 2Professor, Department of Medicine, Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College and Hospital, Jalgaon, Maharashtra, INDIA.
Introduction: An estimated 3 to 4% of rural and 8 to 10% of urban adults are likely to be affected by IHD, thus putting the estimated coronary artery disease cases in India at 30 million. Various risk factors have been proved to be associated with coronary artery disease such as smoking, hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus etc. Aims and Objectives: To study the prevalence and various risk factors associated with coronary artery disease among the patients admitted in medicine ward. Material and Method: The present retrospective study was conducted in the department of medicine of Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College and Hospital, Jalgaon. For the purpose of study records from January 2014 from to December 2014 were studied. All the patients admitted in the medicine ward for various conductions were enrolled in the study. Out of them patients with coronary artery diseases were studied in detail. In the year 2014 total 6791 patients were admitted in the medicine ward and out of them 106 were diagnosed to be suffering from coronary artery disease. The detail information of each case was entered in a prestructured proforma, which includes age, sex and presenting complaints. Details about general and systemic examination were also recorded. History of associated risk factors was also recorded. Height and weight was recorded and body mass index was calculated as weight in kg/meter. Other risk factor such as diabetes, smoking, old age, obesity and family history of coronary heart disease were also looked in the present study. Results: The prevalence of coronary heart disease in the study population was 1.56%. It was seen that majority of the patients were more than 50 years of age. The male to female ratio was 1.94:1. Hypertension was present as risk factors in 77.36% cases. Dyslipidemia was present in 74.53% cases. Other risk factor such as diabetes (50%), smoking (24.53%), old age (42.45%), obesity (32.08%) and family history of coronary heart disease (19.81%) were also observed in the present study. Conclusion: Thus in the end we conclude that the prevalence of coronary artery disease was 1.56% among the patients admitted in the medicine war in year 2014. And among the various risk factors hypertension, dyslipidemia, old age and diabetes were the most common risk factors associated with it.