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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 16, Issue 2, Sept 2015 pp 363-365
Study of prevalence of awareness of cervical cancer and acceptability of Pap smear screening in female patients above 25 years attending OPD in a hospital
Neha Talreja1, Deepa Kala2
1Intern, 2Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and gynaecology, Terna Medical College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai-400706, Maharashtra, INDIA.
Introduction: Cervical cancer is the commonest genital tract malignancy in females and has been ranked 2nd to breast cancer in India. Pap smear is used for down staging cervical cancer. Pap smear test has been effective in reducing incidence of cervical cancer by 80% and mortality by 70%. Aims and Objectives: 1. To study awareness of cervical cancer among female patients attending OPD. 2. To study acceptability of Pap smear among them. 3. To associate awareness of cervical cancer and acceptability of pap smear with various socioeconomic & demographic variables. Materials and Methods: A Cross sectional interview based study regarding knowledge levels about cervical cancer is conducted among 100 female patients attending OPD at TSSHRC, Navi Mumbai. Consenting individuals were administered a structured questionnaire with multiple choices for collecting data regarding knowledge and also to detect how many of them had a pap smear done. Various socio-demographic variables like marital status, parity, age at marriage,socio-economic status, education are considered and Bio-statistician report is made. Discussion: Only 20% patients knew about cervical cancer and only 11% patients knew that Pap smear is done to screen for cervical cancer. Only 5% had done screening test previously.