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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 16, Issue 2, Sept 2015 pp 261-266

Research Article

Depression: Role of life events and confiding relationship

Krishna S Pevekar1, Suvarna N Patil2, Ashwini J Chavan3

{1Assistant Professor, 3Psychologist, Department of Psychiatry} {2Medical Director, Department of Medicine}

BKL Walawalkar Rural Medical College, Dervan, Chiplun, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, INDIA.

Background: Depression as a state or as a disorder is characterized by Depressed mood, loss of energy, loss of interest, guilt feeling, difficulty in concentration, loss of appetite, thoughts of death or suicide. Although many factors are considered to bear etiological link, psychosocial factors plays important role not only as a cause but also as a precipitant of the disorder. Aim and Objective: The Present study attempts to look into the role of important Psychosocial factors such as Life Events and Confiding relationship in relation to Depression. Material and Method: The study was carried out at psychiatry clinic. Study Population consist of depressed group [Index group n=30] and matched controlled group of healthy subjects. Age, Sex, marital status and status of employment [14 males, 16 females; Age 21-60] were matching criteria. Results: The study shows depression was common in the age group of 31-40 years. Life events appear to be responsible to cause depression. Depressed group has significant Life events 4-6 months prior to the onset of depression. Among severe events, Alcohol consumption in family; Death of family members were found more in depressed females whereas Illnesses and Financial problems were common in depressed males. Confiding relationship do have important role in determining depression. Conclusion: Psychosocial factors like Life Events and Confiding Relationship do have important role in Depression. It can act as an etiological factor or as a precipitating factor for depressive disorder. Thus one can plan a good psychosocial and cognitive intervention as an important tool to treat depression.