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Abstract  The rate of nosocomial infections are higher in burn patients due to various factors like nature of burn injury itself, immunocompromised status of the patient, invasive diagnostic and therapeutic procedures and prolonged ICU stay. Complicating this high rate of infection is the fact that the spectrum of bacterial isolates varies with time and geographical area. This necessitates periodic review of the isolation pattern and antibiogram of the burn ward. Study conducted in Department of Microbiology, GMC, Jammu. Out of 180 total samples collected 100 samples showed culture positivity. Out of total 34% Gram positive organisms maximum positivity was of Staphylococcus aureus , Coagulase negative staphylococcus and Enterococci spp. respectively On the basis of study 66% of the total samples were Gram negative, in which maximum positivity was of Escherchia coli followed by Pseudomonas spp. Antibiotic sensitivity patterns revealed that many of the isolates were resistant to commonly used antibiotics like Ampicillin, Erythromycin, Ciprofloxacin, Gentamycin etc which are being indiscriminately used on empirical basis for prolonged duration of time. The high percentage of multidrug resistant isolate is probably due to empirical use of broad-spectrum antibiotics and non-adherence to hospital antibiotic policy.

Keywords: Nosocomial infection, drug resistance, antibiogram.


STATPERSON PUBLISHING GROUP | Aurangabad | Maharashtra |2016 | INDIA
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