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Abstract  Introduction: Deviated nasal septum (DNS) is defined as deviation of the bony or cartilaginous septum to one or both sides. Septal deviation further complicates the growth theories of the septum, as the deviation suggests some sort of growth disjunction. Reduced ossification of the sphenoidal process of the septal cartilage lead to greater overall septal length and increased nasal septal deviation. Deviated Nasal Septum is one of the common findings seen in Otorhino-laryngology daily practice. Some degree of DNS is found in 58% in newborn babies and 4% of these is also associated with external Nasal deformity. Aims and Objectives: To study Prevalence of Deviated Nasal Septum at ENT Inpatient Department. Methodology: This was a Hospital Based, Cross-sectional study at Tertiary care hospital during the year Jan 2014 to Jan 2015, during one year period. All the patients admitted to ENT ward were screened for the Deviated Nasal Septum related problems, so these diagnosed patients later on Classified as Type I, II, III, IV,V. Total 510 in patients 103 were having DNS, found admitted to ward during this year. All of them were treated by Surgical Techniques. Outcome this surgery was measured. All the necessary data was collected using, pretested, semi-structured questionnaire. Result: In our study we have Out of the total 510 patients 103 were having DNS, so hospital prevalence was 20.47%. Majority of the patients from the 31-40 (25.24%); 41-50 (20.38%); 21-30 (17.47%); 51-60 (11.65%); 61-70 (7.76%); 11-20 (7.76%); <10 (5.82%); >70 (3.8%). Most common patients were of the Type I i.e. 36.89% followed by Type II 31.06%; Type III 14.56%; Type IV 10.67%; Type V 6.79%. Overall unsuccessful outcome after surgery was found to be 5.82% but majority of the Type V DNS were having Un-successful outcome i.e. (28.57%). Conclusion: Most common age of presenyattion of DNS was 31-40 in DNS Type Variety i.e. a straight tilted bony pyramid with a straight tilted cartilaginous vault in the opposite direction was more common and having good result after surgery.

Keywords: DNS (Deviated Nasal Septum), Classification of DNS.


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