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Abstract  Introduction: Glaucoma is an irreversibly blinding eye disease which damages optic nerve head fibers. The disease may be asymptomatic in certain clinical types, until advanced stage, so, much emphasis is to be given for early diagnosis. Other types of glaucoma which produces symptoms also needs timely attention before severe visual impairment occurs. Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases which result in damage to the optic nerve and vision loss. Aims and Objectives: To study clinical types and Factors associated with the Glaucoma patients. Methodology: This was cross-sectional study of the patients attending Ophthalmology Outpatient Department or Admitted to the Ophthalmology In patient Department having symptoms of Glaucoma, at tertiary health care center during the year August 2014 to July 2015. The patients were diagnosed having glaucoma on basis of: Detailed History, Comprehensive and exhaustive Ocular Examination, Related investigations to substantiate the Diagnosis of Glaucoma and to monitor its progress as well as response to treatment. Asper above criteria total 70 patients were included into the study. Result: Majority of the Glaucoma patients were from age >60 i.e. (25.71%) followed by 50-60 (21.42%),40-50 (20.00%),30-40 (14.28%),20-30 (11.42%),10-20 (2.85%),<10 (4.28%). As age increases the problem of Glaucoma was more prevalent. Majority of the patients were Male 64.28 % followed by in Females 35.72%. Majority of the Patients were having Open angle Glaucoma in both Rt. and Lt. Eye i.e. 45% and 39% respectively followed by Close angle 20% and 19% and narrow angle was 15% and 12 % respectively in Rt. and Lt. Eye by Gonioscopic study. The most common associated factors with Glaucoma patients were Systemic Hypertension (18.57%) followed by Diabetes(17.14%); Steroid induced Glaucoma (17.14%); Traumatic Glaucoma (12.85%); H/O Iridocyclitis (11.42%); Phacomorphic Galucoma (10.00%). Conclusion: The problem of Glaucoma was more common in Older age and in Males. The associated factors with Glaucoma in this study are Systemic Hypertension followed by Diabetes; Steroid induced Glaucoma; Traumatic Glaucoma; H/O Iridocyclitis; Phacomorphic Galucoma. So these factors should be considered while diagnosing and management of Glaucoma patients.

Key Words: Open angle Glaucoma, Close angle Glaucoma, Narrow angle Glaucoma.


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