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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 4, Issue 2, 2012 pp 77-82

Research Article

Health Education: an Effective Intervention in Hypertensive Patients.

Hemant Mahajan*, Yasmeen Kazi**, Bhuwan Sharma***, GD Velhal****

*Assistant Professor, RCSM GMC Kolhapur (MS) INDIA.

{**Assistant Professor, ***Junior Resident, ****Additional Professor} TN Medical College, Mumbai (MS) INDIA.

Academic Editor:  Dr. Aher K. R.


Objective: Assessment of impact of health intervention on KAP and hypertensive status of patients in an urban slum of Mumbai. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Shivaji Nagar urban slum which is a field practice area of Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, of TN  Medical College Mumbai. Hypertensive patients above 40 years of age were included in this study. The information was gathered by personal interview using semi-structured proforma. Results:  Out of 340 subjects 176 (51. 76%) were males. Before intervention 83.42%, 69.11%, 73.24% patients had poor knowledge, attitude and practices respectively which decreased to 25%, 21.76%, 33.81% respectively.

Mean systolic BP, Diastolic BP, Body mass index and weight was also decreased as practices of patients improved to after health intervention. There was improvement in self care practices and life style modification factors.  Conclusion: People have to be educated through mass media on hypertension and its risk factors. The health workers have to play part by educating the people and also themselves being an example in avoiding the risk factors for hypertension like consumption of fatty food, alcohol and smoking. People have to be educated on the importance of physical exercises and have to be encouraged to do them.