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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 4, Issue 3, 2012 pp 112-115

Research Article

An Integrative Approach towards Conceptual Frameworks for Injury Prevention

Nikhil N. Tambe1, Rajesh B. Goel2

{Intern1, Associate Professor2} Department of Community Medicine, M.G.M. Medical College, Navi Mumbai (MS) INDIA.

Academic Editor:  Dr. Aher K. R.



Abstract: Globally more than 9 people die every minute from injuries or violence. According to WHO’s World Health Report, injury will be the third leading cause of death in India by year 2020. Many people accept injury as ‘fate’, ‘destiny’ or as ‘part of life’; but the fact is most injuries are predictable hence preventable.

Injury prevention is an effort to prevent or reduce severity of bodily injuries caused by external mechanisms such as accidents, before they occur. Injuries are preventable and do not occur randomly. This fact has enabled many researchers to create conceptual frameworks which can help describe magnitude of problem and groups at risk; identify factors that increase or decrease the risk for injury; explore ways to prevent them by designing, implementing and evaluating interventions and promote the wide spread adoption of effective strategies, programs, policies and practices.

Ideas presented in 8 different conceptual frameworks for injury prevention were studied and integrated. A complimentary approach was maintained to understand the important risk factors and preventive strategies against all types of injuries. This integrative study will help us to create an action plan towards injury free environment