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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 5, Issue 1, 2012 pp 03-08
Maternal Risk Factors Determining Birth Weight of Newborns: A Tertiary Care Hospital Based Study
P. S. Thomre1, A. L. Borle1*, J. D. Naik2, S. S. Rajderkar2
1Department of Community Medicine, R. C. S. M. Govt. Medical College, Kolhapur (MS) INDIA.
2Department of Community Medicine, Govt. Medical College, Miraj, Sangli (MS) INDIA.
Academic Editor: Dr. Aher K. R.
Abstract: Introduction: Globally, more than 20 million infants are born with low birth weight. The number of low birth weight babies is concentrated in two regions of the developing world: Asia and Africa. 72% of low birth weight infants in developing countries are born in Asia where most births also take place, and 22% are born in Africa. India alone accounts for 40% of low birth weight births in Asia. . The reduction of low birth weight also forms an important contribution to the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) for reducing child mortality. The factors associated with intrauterine growth retardation are multiple and interrelated to mother, placenta and foetus. Objectives: 1) To study the ‘Birth weight’ pattern among study group. 2) To identify the maternal factors associated with low birth weight of newborns. Material and Methods: The present cross sectional study was carried out in Government Medical College & Hospital, Miraj amongst all the mothers and newborns delivered at institution during the period of one calendar year from January 2007 to December 2007. The data was collected with the help of interview technique using predesigned and pretested questionnaires followed by the thorough clinical examination and anthropometric measurements of mother and newborn. Interview was followed by thorough clinical examination and necessary investigations. Results & Conclusion: Low birth weight was found to be present in 92 (18.1%) newborns. The internal comparison was made among the study subjects with normal birth weight babies and those with low birth weight babies using the bivariate analysis and multiple logistic regressions. The factor found significantly associated were gestational age at delivery, number of antenatal visits, anemia, gestational age at 1st ANC visit, bad obstetric history, mothers weight, socio-economic status, birth interval, type of work, iron and folic acid supplementation, religion, sex of new born and gravida.