[Abstract] [PDF] [HTML] [Linked
International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 5, Issue 1, 2012 pp 09-15
Why and How Aerobic Mesophilic Composting is Effective? A Comprehensive Study on Aerobic and Anaerobic Composting of Green Waste under Mesophilic and Thermophilic Conditions
D. Ananda, V.Veerakumara, Jagdish Gabhanea, SPM Prince Williama, V. P. Bhangea, A. N. Vaidyaa, M. P. Patila, J. K. Bhattacharyyaa and S. R. Watea
Academic Editor: Dr. Aher K. R.
Abstract: The relative advantage of aerobic-mesophilic(ARM) condition for green waste composting over other conditions such as aerobic-thermophilic(ART), anaerobic-mesophilic (ANM) and anaerobic-thermophilic (ANT) is evaluated in the present investigation. A perusal of results indicated that ARM is the most favorable condition for green waste composting as it facilitates the growth and development of cellulolytic microbes and increasing their cellulose activity required for lignocellulosic degradation. Although, aerobic thermophilic condition (ART) was found to increase the rate of cellulose degradation, it was not mediated through cellulase activity. The effect of thermophilic phase on lignocelluloses was mere physical in nature. The quality assessment studies on finished compost also confirmed ARM as the most favorable condition for composting.