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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 5, Issue 1, 2012 pp 09-15

Research Article

Why and How Aerobic Mesophilic Composting is Effective? A Comprehensive Study on Aerobic and Anaerobic Composting of Green Waste under Mesophilic and Thermophilic Conditions

D. Ananda, V.Veerakumara, Jagdish Gabhanea, SPM Prince Williama, V. P. Bhangea, A. N. Vaidyaa, M. P. Patila, J. K. Bhattacharyyaa and S. R. Watea

Academic Editor:  Dr. Aher K. R.



Abstract: The relative advantage of  aerobic-mesophilic(ARM) condition for green waste composting over other conditions such as   aerobic-thermophilic(ART),   anaerobic-mesophilic   (ANM) and anaerobic-thermophilic (ANT) is evaluated  in the present investigation. A perusal of results  indicated that ARM is the most  favorable  condition  for  green  waste  composting  as  it facilitates the growth and development of cellulolytic microbes and increasing their cellulose activity required for lignocellulosic degradation. Although, aerobic thermophilic condition  (ART) was found to increase the rate of cellulose  degradation, it was not   mediated   through   cellulase    activity.   The   effect   of thermophilic  phase  on  lignocelluloses  was  mere  physical  in nature. The quality assessment studies on finished compost also confirmed ARM as the most favorable condition for composting.