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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 5, Issue 1, 2012 pp 16-23

Research Article

Effect of Specific Stabilization Exercise versus Conventional Back Extension in Management of Chronic Herniated Pulposus

Sucheta Golhar1*, Amit V. Nagrale2, Tanpreet kaur Bagga3

{1Principal, 2Associate Professor} MIP College of physiotherapy, Latur, Maharashtra, INDIA.

3B.P.Th., MGM’s institute of physiotherapy, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, INDIA.

Academic Editor:  Dr. Aher K. R.



Abstract: Background: Local stabilizing musculature activation occurs automatically in a preparatory manner prior to movement. Failure of this preparatory stabilizing mechanism is identified as primary cause of persistence low back pain. The aim of this study was to investigate whether specific stabilization exercises or conventional back extension exercises are effective in people with Chronic Herniated Pulposus (HNP). Materials and Methods:  20 patients with Chronic Herniated Pulposus (HNP) were randomized into two groups. 10 patients in Group A received Specific stabilization exercise while 10 patients in Group B received conventional back extension exercise. Pain perception was measured using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Disability was measured using the Ronald – Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ). Both the intervention periods were delivered at 5 times/week for 4 weeks. Results:  Training of the specific stabilization exercise in group A showed a significant improvement in decreasing pain and in improving functional ability when compared to strengthening exercise in group B at p <0.05 (t-test). Conclusion:  There was decrease in the pain intensity and improvement in functional level in patients who were given conventional back extension exercise but there was a more marked relief in patients who were given Specific stabilization exercises after a treatment protocol of four weeks.