[Abstract] [PDF] [HTML] [Linked
International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 5, Issue 2, 2012 pp 74-77
A Study to Assess Pattern of Migration across India Based on Census Data
Radha Taralekar1, Prasad Waingankar2, Pandurang Thatkar3
1, 2, 3 Department of Community Medicine, MGM Medical College Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, INDIA.
Academic Editor: Dr. Aher K. .R.
Introduction: Migration is an important demographic event and needs to be studied by Public Health Experts. As migration is a facet of population growth & development assessing patterns helps understand the dynamics of society.In this study, the pattern of interstate & international migration in different zones is compared and various socioeconomic factors influencing migration are assessed along with their reasons for migration.Materials and Methods: The study is based on the secondary data of 1991, 2001 Census of India. Zone wise comparison was studied for patterns & reasons for migration among interstate&international migrant (based on last place of residence, for all duration).The official census data was analyzed using SPSS version 17.Results:The study findings show that, North Zone of India has highest interstate migrants, amounting to 11 % of the total population as per Census 2001 data. The work & business have been found as main causes for interstate migration in Western zone while education as the major cause for interstate migration in southern zone of India, excluding marriage and other reasons for migration. Looking at data from 1971 to 2001, there is significant correlation (Pearson Correlation 0.752) between Gross National Income per capita and Internal Migration (P < 0.01).On Further analysis of Census 2001 data it was noted that there is significant correlation (Pearson Correlation 0.388) between literacy rate of states receiving in-migrants and education as a reason for migration (P < 0.05) among interstate migrants. Similarly ‘work’ as the reason for migration among International migrants was observed to be more in states with higher GDP (Pearson’s Correlation 0.411) Conclusion: Higher the literacy rates, GDP, urbanization, all favors migration. More research is required to know the educational levels of migrants who mention education as reason for migration.