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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 6, Issue 1, Febraury 2013 pp 56-59

Research Article

Derivation of Demarcating Points for Sex Determination from Skull


Mohammad Laeeque1, Vivek Kishanrao Nirmale2, Chaya Vijay Diwan3

{1, 2 Assistant Professor, 3Professor and Head} Government Medical College, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, INDIA.

Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K.R.


Craniometry is a branch of anthropometry through which cranial dimensions can be estimated. The study of sexual dimorphism is important clinically as well as in forensic anthropology. Head circumference and maximum biparital diameter were measured in a total of 98 skulls (60 males and 38 females) from the bone bank of the Department of Anatomy, Govt. Medical College Aurangabad. All the measurements were expressed in descriptive statistics i.e. mean; SD, range and mean ± 3S.D. are calculated. The p value of both parameters i.e. Head Circumference and Maximum Biparital diameter are found to be highly significant. (P value <0.001). Demarkating points were derived for the male and female skulls and these demarcating points were cross validated from the available samples. Accuracy of the demarcating points was established. A comparison of the data with the earlier works demonstrated the identical outcomes and highly significant results. The values are a reference tool for the evaluation in Indian race especially of Maharastra. This study is recommended to forensic anthropologists, craniofacial surgeons and medical practitioners and also serves as the basis for future studies on other ethnic group.