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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 6, Issue 2, March 2013 pp 109-114

Research Article

Dermatoglyphics in male patients with Schizophrenia 

Sunita U. Sawant1, Sunil M. Kolekar2, P. Jyothi3

{1Associate Professor, 3Lecturer} Department of Anatomy, 2Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, ASRAM Medical College, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA.


Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K.R.



Background and Objective: The study of epidermal ridge patterns of palms and soles is known as dermatoglyphics. Dermatoglyphic patterns are recognized by genetic factors. It has been proved that genetic factors are responsible for schizophrenia. The purpose of this study is to find out finger and palmar dermatoglyphic patterns in male schizophrenic patients and compare dermatoglyphic configurations of schizophrenics with normal population. Study design: Cross-sectional study. Material and Methods:  Finger and palm prints of 50 male schizophrenic patients from 16 to 60 years of age were obtained from Kripamai Nursing Home, Miraj, Maharashtra, India. As control, prints of 50 normal males from the same age group were used. Results: Arch patterns are significantly reduced in the finger tips of schizophrenic males (p<0.001). The ‘atd’ angle is also significantly increased in schizophrenic males (right hand: (p<0.001), left hand: (p<0.05) when compared to controls. Conclusion: When dermatoglyphic traits are studied in association with clinical features of schizophrenia, they will confirm the diagnosis. It will also help in early diagnosis of schizophrenia and may guide the clinician for further detailed investigations.