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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 6, Issue 2, March 2013 pp 94-97

Research Article

Factors Influencing Animal Bite Cases and Practices among the Cases attending the Anti Rabies Clinic DMCH, Darbhanga (Bihar)


Abhay Kumar1, Rishabh Kr. Rana2, Sunil Kumar3, Veena Roy4, C. Roy5

{1, 2, 3 Junior Resident, 4Tutor, 5Prof. & Head} Department of Community Medicine, Darbhanga Medical College, Darbhanga, Bihar, INDIA.


Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K.R.



Introduction: Rabies is an enzootic and epizootic disease caused by a RNA virus (Genus: Lyssavirus, Family: Rhabdoviridae), is of worldwide importance, and is a practically 100 percent fatal disease even today, if not treated appropriately and in a timely fashion but easily preventable. There are many myths and false beliefs associated with animal bite and its management. This study is undertaken to highlight the factors influencing animal bite cases and practices regarding animal bites. Objective: 1. To determine the factors influencing the Animal Bite cases attending ARC, DMCH Darbhanga, Bihar. 2. To find out the practices related to animal bites among the cases attending ARC, DMCH Darbhanga, Bihar. Material and Methods: Study design: This is a hospital based descriptive cross sectional study conducted among 822 animal bite victims attended Anti Rabies Clinic, DMC Darbhanga. Duration: The duration of the study was 6 months, from May 2012 to November 2012 including data collection, data analysis and report writing. Study Population: The patients attending Anti Rabies Clinic DMCH, Darbhanga (Bihar) during the specified period.  Tools: Semi structured proforma. Data Collection: The data collection was done through in-depth interviews with the animal bite victims attending OPD. Results: Animal bite cases attending ARC, Darbhanga are mostly male, Hindu, rural people those provoked the animal and they belonged to category III. Among all 9 cases were admitted with frank symptom of Hydrophobia. Conclusion: Wound toileting after a bite was lacking in most of the subjects. Many myths and false beliefs associated with animal bites and its management were present.