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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 7, Issue 1, May 2013 pp 52-55

Research Article

Reducing Anxiety: Effect of Yogic Exercises and Meditation in the Improvement of Anxiety Score, Visual Reaction Time and Finger Dexterity Score


Manisha Dighore1, J. V. Gadkari2

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, INDIA.

2 Professor and Head, Department of Physiology, Seth G.S. Medical College, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra, INDIA.

Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K.R.


The concept of yoga is helpful for the depression and anxiety disorders have created a great interest in the medical research fields. The present study was designed in order to investigate whether yoga has a positive impact on reducing anxiety. Background: In the scenario of ever growing new technology, entering formal workplace; increasing amount of work stress at home & workplace, desire to perform more& more in less &less time, one need to put extra efforts to achieve success [11]. So the stress on an individual goes on increasing .The increased stress lead to stress related disorders. They usually produce negative impact in cognitive, behavioural, autonomic & somatic functions of an individual [6].  There is evidence that the practice of yoga improves physical and mental performance. Yoga included breathing exercises, asana, meditation and relaxation technique helps in decreasing the stress [16]. In the age group of 30 to 40 years problems like learning new technological skills at workplace, job insecurity, job dissatisfaction, lack of time for family, interpersonal relationship, frustration are very common, that causes stress, it is called mid-life crisis [15].Method: in this context, the present study was conducted to see the effect of yogic practices and meditation in reducing anxiety on 50 mildly stressed male volunteers in the age group of 30 to 40year. Stress was measured by anxiety score as an indicator of stress, also Visual reaction time as an indicator of cognitive function and finger dexterity score as an indicator of motor skills were measured.  Anxiety score, visual reaction time (VRT) and finger dexterity score (FDS) were carried out before and after yoga training. Result: There was statistically significant improvement in anxiety score, visual reaction time and finger dexterity score (p<0.001) after yoga session. Conclusion: Thus, a combined practice of asana, breathing exercises, meditation & relaxation in a sequence is the best available resource to meet the present day needs of society.