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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 7, Issue 1, May 2013 pp 16-19

Research Article

Study of Haematological Parameters in Advanced Pregnancy


Anita Verma*, Hina Chaudhary**

{*Associate Professor, **2nd Year Resident} Physiology department, Smt NHL Municipal Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, INDIA.

Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K.R.



Background:-Anaemia in pregnancy is very common in India and one of the major cause of maternal mortality. Gujarat having majority of population, vegetarian that has non-haem Iron which is less absorbed. Pregnancy leads to physiological anaemia but may turn into pathological anaemia in advanced pregnancy. Methodology:-In the present study Haematological parameters 100 pregnant females  in advanced pregnancy (of gestational age 32 to 40 weeks) were analyzed and the results  were compared with that obtained in 25 controlled cases which were of reproductive age group and same range of age as pregnant females. Result :- As per our study ,out of 100 cases 15 cases having Hb level between 10.1 to 12 grams which could be considered as  normal according to the criterion of Dawn 3. 38 patients were found to have haemodilution as one of the factors. The remaining 47 patients appeared to have Iron and/or Folic acid deficiency as important factor in the causation of anaemia, out of these 47, 20 females had microcytic hypochromic, 5 had macrocytic normochromic and 23 had  normocytic hypochromic. Conclusion: - Anaemia was common in pregnant females below 20 years of age and above 30 years of age. It was clearly observed that mean Hb level was inversely related to parity. They should be subjected to routine haematological and should go for regular ante-natal visits and take proper medications to prevent anaemia and its further consequences.