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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 7, Issue 2, June 2013 pp 74-75

Research Article

A Morphometric Study of Foramen Ovale and Foramen Spinosum in Dried Indian Human Skulls


Kulkarni Saurabh P.1, Nikade Vrushali V.2

1Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, INDIA.

2Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, T. N. Medical College and B. Y. L. Nair Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, INDIA.

Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K.R.



(a) Background and aims: Variations of Skull base foramina are always found to be associated with vascular and nervous malformations as implicated by various clinical symptoms. (b) Materials and Methods: This study measured dimensions of important of those i.e. foramen ovale and foramen spinosum in 100 Indian human skulls and data compared with the similar studies with racial differences. (c) Results: Foramen ovale was always complete and common measurements were 7mm in length and 4mm in breadth. One case showed its length 14mm. one showed abnormal bony bar dividing it into two. Foramen spinosum was found with variable dimensions. It was absent in 2 cases on right side and 3 cases on left. Some cases showed it divided or incomplete. (d) Conclusion: This study carries anthropometric significance for racial variations. It may help in radiologists, distinguishing abnormal bony growth at skull base. Medically cause of trigeminal neuralgia may correlate with abnormalities of these foramina.