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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 8, Issue 1, August 2013 pp 49-51
A Perception of Maternal Mortality among Women in an Urban Slum Area of South India
Keerti S. Jogdand1, Pravin N. Yerpude1, Mohini Jogdand2
1Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Adani Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhuj, Gujarat, INDIA.
2Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, S. R. T. R. Medical College & Hospital, Ambajogai, Beed, Maharashtra, INDIA.
Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K.R.
Introduction: Every pregnant woman hopes pregnancy to be a smooth process and expect to give birth safely as pregnancy and child birth is considered a normal physiological process. But, this is not happening at least in developing countries including India.In the year 2010, global maternal deaths per 100,000 live births i.e. maternal mortality ratio (MMR) was estimated to be 210. Objective: To determine perception of maternal mortality among women in an urban slum area of South India. Materials and methods: a descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in an urban slum area of south India among 378 women above 20 yrs of age. Using semi-structured questionnaire answers to questions on perception of maternal mortality in the community were elicited from the study participants. The data was analysed using the SPSS program 14. Results: The majority (35.98%) of the study subjects were in the age group 31-40 years followed by 28.31% study subjects in the age group of 21-30. 34.14 % study subjects were educated upto intermediate and 22.22 % were educated upto secondary level. 95.50 % of the study subjects aware that death can occur from pregnancy-related problems. 73.81% subjects stated that excessive vaginal bleeding was a possible cause of death followed by high BP as possible cause of death in 21.96% study subjects. Conclusion: In order to reduce the high rate of maternal mortality, health education programs on prevention of maternal deaths and morbidities directed towards at risk women need to be improved.As most of the decisions in families were taken by the men,their participation is also very important.