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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 8, Issue 1, August 2013 pp 16-19

Research Article

Variations of Dermatoglyphic Features in Non Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus

 Feroz khan J. Pathan1, Rubeena N. Hashmi2

{1Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy} {2Senior resident, Department of OBGY}

M. I. M. S. R. Medical College, Latur, Maharashtra, INDIA.

Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K.R.


Background: Man has always wondered about the significance of the peculiar arrangement of ridges on the volar aspect of palm and sole. The knowledge of dermatoglyphics is thousands of years old as evident from the stone carvings found at the edge of Kejimkoojik Lake in Nova Scotia and the walls of Neolithic burial passages found on the island of Brittany. The ancient Indian literature also describes various patterns as Chakra, Shankh and Padma. With the emergence of civilization, this interest was replaced by methodological and scientific study of these patterns.As dermatoglyphic features are strongly affected by genetic and environmental factors, the idea of using it as supportive evidence in the diagnosis of hereditary disorders becomes a reality. Objective: Present study intends to evaluate the relationship between dermatoglyphic features and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Material and method: Dermatoglyphic prints of one hundred non-insulin dependent diabetes  mellitus patients ( 50 male and 50 females) were taken for studyand compared with equal number of prints of  healthy controls (50 males and 50 females). In this study fingertip patterns, Atd angle, a-b ridge count and C line type parameters were studied. Result: In diabeticpatientsfrequency of whorls is significantly increased;while frequency of ulnar loops is significantly decreased in cases as compared to controls. Arches and radial loops showed no significant changes.Atd angle showed no significant difference. A-b ridge count is significantly decreased in diabetics. C line type also showed significant difference in cases and controls.