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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 8, Issue 2, August 2013 pp 119-121
Prevelance of Osteoporosis in Younger Population - An Indian Perspective
D’Almeida V. R.1, Shetty M. B.1, Adiga K. R.2, Latheesh L.1, Nazareth E. L.2
1Assistant Professor, 2Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Fr. Muller Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka, INDIA.
Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K.R.
Objective: Osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures are widely prevalent in Indian subcontinent. Awareness of osteoporosis has grown worldwide in recent years as a major health problem having significant implications in day to day life.It isa common cause of morbidity andmortality in elderly people. Rapid bone loss occurring in postmenopausal women due to hormonal factors is a known fact. But there is a worrying trend of increasing prevalence of osteoporosis among the younger women in India. The occurrence of this disease among the male population also has been under studied. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study covered the 405 patients who attended a bone mineral density camp that was conducted in in a tertiary care hospital. The bone density of these people was measured using aquantitative ultrasound (QUS) machinestandardized to the Indian population. The significance of the results was calculated using the chi-square test. Results: Sixty people of the total hundred and five with age less than thirty years had decreased bone density(p< 0.001). The male population having decreased bone mass was also more than expected. Conclusions: Hence this study indicates that osteoporosis and osteopenia are prevalent in younger population too contrary to the popular belief. If detected earlier it can be treated and the morbidity caused by it can be avoided.