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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 8, Issue 2, August 2013 pp 122-124
A Study on Determinants of Unmet Need for Family Planning Among Married Women in Urban Slum Area
Pravin N. Yerpude1, Keerti S. Jogdand1, Mohini S. Jogdand2
1Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Gujarat Adani Institute of Medical Sciences,Bhuj, Gujrat, INDIA.
2Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, SRTR Medical College & Hospital, Ambajogai, Maharashtra, INDIA.
Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K.R.
Introduction: According to UN projections India’s population will reach 1.53 billion by the year 2050, and will be the highest population in the world. . For limiting the number of children, the concept of unmet need will be very useful. But it is challenging also to motivate these women’s to use the contraceptive methods. The present study was conducted to find out determinants of unmet need for family planning among married women in urban slum area of South India. Materials and methods: The present community based, cross-sectional study was carried out in urban slum area of dept of Community Medicine, Katuri Medical College, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh. From this area, all married women aged 15-49 years were selected for the study. Results: In the present study, total unmet need for contraception was found in 108(38.57%) women, in which need for spacing was present in 44 (15.71%) women and need for limiting birth in 64 (22.86%) women. Unmet need for spacing is highest (30.56%) among the women having no child or only one child. Common reasons for unmet need for family planning were husband’s disapproval (28.70%), lack of awareness (22.22%) and fear of side effects (25.00%). Conclusion: Health education campaigns are necessary to increase awareness and counseling of eligible couples on small family norm is essential. Male participation and involvement of religious and community leaders are very important during planning of the family planning programme.