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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 8, Issue 2, August 2013 pp 77-78
Ruptured Intracranial Sellar-Suprasellar Dermoid -A Case Report
Jagdish Aher, A. P. Oak, B. H. Kombade, M. M. Kadam, U. M. Dhumal
Department of Radiology, Government Medical College, Latur, Maharashtra, INDIA.
Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K.R.
Intracranial dermoids comprise less than 1% of all intracranial lesions. These are slow growing benign congenital ectodermal inclusion cysts containing varying amounts of ectodermal derivatives. They usually found in midline in contrast to epidermoids. Teratomas, although similar in some respects, are a separate entity. Intracranial dermoid cysts show variable presentation usually cause symptoms because of mass effect and due to rupture with spillage of its contents into subarachnoid space and/or ventricles is a potentially serious complication that can lead to aseptic meningitis, seizures, cerebral ischaemia, hydrocephalus and rarely olfactory ischaemia. Occasionally they are incidentally detected.[1,3,4]. Summary: Rupture of intracranial dermoid is very uncommon occurrence with significant mortality. We present a case of ruptured sellar-suprasellar dermoid with subarachnoid and intraventricular dissemination of its contents causing hydrocephalus.