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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 8, Issue 2, August 2013 pp 94-99

Research Article

Study of Sutures: Anatomical Variations in the Fusion of Sutures


Divyesh Kapadia1, Ajay Rathva2, Dharati M. Kubavat3, Shaileshkumar K. Nagar4

1Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Smt. NHL MMC, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, INDIA.

 {2Assistant Professor, 4Professor} Department of Anatomy, GMERS Medical College & Hospital, Gotri, Vadodara, Gujarat, INDIA.

3Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, M. P. Shah Medical College, Jamnagar, Gujarat, INDIA.


Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K.R.


Background: The cranial sutures are the fibrous tissues uniting the skull bones as they approximate one another during development .The coronal, sagittal and lambdoid sutures were analyzed for quantifying the sutural patency as maintenance of suture patency depends on various factors in skull. Metopic sutures are a vertical sutures occurring as a result of failure of ossification between the two halves of frontal bone. It is very often mistaken for fracture of the frontal bone in the A-P view X-Ray of skull. Objective: The goal of the study was to evaluate the gross morphology of the coronal, sagittal, lambdoid and metopic sutures in human adult dried skulls and to determine if any difference exists in terms of fusion. Material and methods: The study included 150 human dry skulls of Indian population were selected from the museum of anatomy department of GMERS Medical College Gotri, Vadodara, and Government Medical College Bhavnagar. Result: the study shows the patency of the lambdoid suture is more compared to the other sutures and incidence of metopism was 2%.