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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 8, Issue 3, October 2013 pp 195-199

Research Article

Study of Socio-Demographic Factors Associated with Protein Energy Malnutrition in Less than Six Year Children in Field Practice Area of Rural Health Training Centre


Balaji V. Ukarande1, A. S. Nagaonkar2, Nazia Khan3

1Assistant Professor, 3Medical Officer, Department Community Medicine, GMC, Latur, Maharashtra, INDIA.

2Associate Professor and Head of Department, Department of Community Medicine, SRTR GMC, Ambejogai, Beed, Maharashtra, INDIA.

Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K.R.


Study objectives:  In spite of a large number of national programmes related to nutrition such as ICDS, mid-day meal, etc., about 6600 under-five children die every day, accounting to 46% child deaths due to protein energy malnutrition (PEM) in India, so considering the PEM , important nutritional problem and as ICDS, programme render the services to children less than six years of age, present study was undertaken to assess the nutritional status of children ageing less than six years of age residing in rural field practice area of Rural Health Training Centre of medical college. Methodology: Present study is cross-sectional, observational study in field-practice area and sample size was selected by simple random sampling method. Results: Overall prevalence of undernutrition in 0-72months (0-6 yrs) age group was 58.61%. Undernutrition was more in 49-60 months age group (70.21%) than other age group. Undernutrition was more among children whose mothers were illiterate or primary-secondry educated and less in higher and graduated, this difference was highly significant (χ25=362.93, p<0.001). Undernutrition was highest  among children belonging to unemployed fathers, least in children whose fathers were owner and cultivators (χ24=272, p<0.0001).Proportion of undernutrition was highest in class V socio-economic-category children, where as lowest in children belonging to class I category. It is also clear that as socio-economic-status increases proportion of undernutrition decreases which was statistically highly significant. (χ24 =141, p<0.001). Conclusion:  In spite of various schemes for children to decrease malnutrition, still the PEM is high in the study area; an integrated approach is required to curb this problem.