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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 8, Issue 3, October 2013 pp 256-259

Research Article

Indications for Penetrating Keratoplasty in Western India


Aruna Kumari1, Roopam Gupta2

{1Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology}{2Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy}
C. U. Shah Medical College and Hospital, Dudhrej Road, Surendranagar - 363001 Gujarat, INDIA.


Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K.R.


Aim: To carry out a retrospective study to analyze the indications for penetrating keratoplasty (PK) in Western India. Materials and Methods: A retrospective investigational analysis of 311 cases performed between June 2006 and June 2008 was conducted to study the indications for penetrating keratoplasty. Results: It was recorded that ‘Corneal Opacity’ was the most common indication for PK (39.53%) followed by Acute infective Keratitis (AIK) cases (23.47%) and Pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (PBK) cases (17.04%). In ‘Regrafts’ PK was done in 7.71% and Descemetocele was the indication in 4.18%. Aphakic bullous keratopathy ( ABK - 3%) and Keratoconus (3.85%) were uncommon indications for PK in the present study. Conclusion: ‘Corneal Opacity’ was the most common indication for PK followed by AIK cases in western India. Thus it can be concluded from our study that still today high risk cases for penetrating keratoplasty are performed more in the India than in the developed countries and, so effective preventive programmes should be implemented to reduce the incidence of corneal blindness