[Abstract] [PDF] [HTML] [Linked
International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 9, Issue 3, January 2014 pp 403-405
Traumatic Cataract Epidemiology at Tertiary Care Hospital in Aurangabad Maharashtra India: An Observational Study
Rajiv Mundada1, Swati Shinde2, Minhaj S Pathan3, Khaled M Badaam4*
1Assistant Professor, Ophthalmology, Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik, Maharashtra, INDIA
2Associate Professor, Dept. of Community Ophthalmology, Regional Center, Maharashtra University of Health sciences
Aurangabad, Maharashtra, INDIA.
3Associate Professor, Dept. of Physiology, Ulhas Patil Medical College, Jalgaon (MS) INDIA.
4Assistant Professor, Dept. of Physiology, Government Medical College, Aurangabad (MS) INDIA.
Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K. R.
Background: Traumatic cataract due to ocular injury affects a significant number of people from the younger age group. Thus traumatic cataract often deprives its victim of vision in the prime of his life. The knowledge of causes of ocular injury is very essential for designing the strategy to take preventive steps against it. Methods: Total of 1308 cases of eye injuries were recorded during the research period at the OPD Ophthalmology. The cases included both extra ocular and intraocular injuries. 74 patients presented with traumatic cataract. However, patients with posterior segment pathologies and with intraocular foreign body were excluded as they were immediately referred to specific units or higher centres and were not available to participate in our study. Total 62 cases of traumatic cataract which presented during the study period were included in analysis. Detailed history and clinical examination was done. The age and sex distribution and etiology of traumatic cataract cases included in the study was described. Results and Conclusion: The age range from 4 to 65 years was seen and most of the cases belonged to age group of 10 to 40 years. Thus, younger age group was more commonly affected. Proportion of males was very high i.e 77.42% as compared to 22.58% females. Penetrating Injury was more common with 42 out of 62 cases. (67.7%). Agricultural accidents were the commonest cause of injury contributing 25 cases out of 62 cases (40.32%) and wooden stick was the most common agent causing ocular trauma leading to cataract.