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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 9, Issue 3, January 2014 pp 334-336
Anatomic Study of Nutrient Foramina in the Human Tibiae and Their Clinical Importance
Tejaswi H. L.1, Krishnanand Shetty2, Dakshayani K. R.3
1Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, B.G.Nagar, Nagamangala Karnataka, INDIA.
2Taluka Health Officer, Karkala, Udupi, Karnataka, INDIA.
3Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, Mysore Medical College and Research Institute, Mysore, Karnataka, INDIA.
Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K.R.
Vascularity of weight bearing bone like tibia is clinically important as it is the most common long bone to be fractured and delayed union and non union are the troublesome complications. Tibia is traversed by the nutrient arteries derived from the posterior tibial artery which are essential in the growth and maintenance of the bone. The present study was undertaken in 150 dried adult human tibiae obtained from the Department of Anatomy of Mysore Medical College and Research Institute, Mysore. The tibial diaphysis was divided into 3 equal parts after measuring the length with an osteometric board. The number, location and direction of the nutrient foramina were noted. In 94.9% of the tibia the nutrient foramen was located in the upper 3rd and in 91.21% the nutrient foramen was located in the posterior surface. Present study describes the location of nutrient foramina of tibia in much detail compared to the existing studies and will be helpful before planning surgeries on tibia.