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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 12, Issue 1, September 2014 pp 21-23

Case Report

Schizencephaly: a case report of a rare developmental disorder of brain

Kapil S. More1, Vijaykumar R. Kapse2, Sonali Kagne3, Deepak Kubde4

{1Assistant Professor, 3,4Resident, Department of Medicine} {2Assistant Professor, Department of Pulmonary Medicine}

Dr S.C.G.M.C., Nanded, Maharashtra, INDIA.


Introduction: Schizencephaly is an extremely rare developmental disorder of the brain. Its prevalence in Indian data is 1.5: 1,00,000 population. It is a triad of hemiplegia, seizure disorder and mental retardation. Hence we are reposting a case of 28 yrs. old female who presented with intractable seizures and altered sensorium for 2 days. She is a known case of epilepsy since the age of two months. She also had left sided hemiparesis since the same duration. She had delayed developmental milestones and mental retardation. Her, CT brain was done. It showed large fluid filled cavity occupying right frontal, temporo- parietal region lined by grey matter communicated with right ventricle. These findings are constistent with right sided unilateral open-lip schizencephaly.